January 2016 (supplement)
|These are regular editorials
produced alongside the corresponding issues on Nonviolent
Ïã½¶ÊÓÆµappÍøÖ·ÏÂÔØAlso in this editorial:
You could say that the victory of
Hamas in the Palestinian elections, over against the established
Fatah, has put the cat amongst the pigeons in a situation
which regularly seems to get more intractable. There was a
time when ‘South Africa, Israel/Palestine and Northern
Ireland’ were a trio of conflict zones most in the international
spotlight; two of these have now moved on, leaving only Palestine
and Israel to get ‘sorted’ (yes, we know Northern
Ireland is not completely out of the woods but it has certainly
found a much more pleasant clearing adjacent to the edge of
the woods). The fallout from the Palestinian election will
take some time to settle, internally in Palestine, with Israel,
Ïã½¶ÊÓÆµappÍøÖ·ÏÂÔØVarious assumptions have been made about the
victory of Hamas adding to the intractability of the conflict.
In the short term these may well be true because Israel is
unwilling to deal with Hamas and Israeli supporters like the
USA will take a hard line. But no such assumptions should
be made in the longer term. The coming to power (such power
as the Palestinian Authority does hold or exercise) of a more
militant party may not make a solution easier but it may make
any possible solution more likely to stick.
In Ireland we have over the last few years the
example of the Democratic Unionist Party coming to be largest
party in Northern Ireland, and Sinn Féin becoming the
largest party on the Catholic and nationalist side. This has
not made the prospect of a return to a Stormont assembly any
easier but, if and when a deal is swung, it will be much more
likely to stick. Because if there is no one ‘more extreme’
outside, shouting abuse (the previous DUP position) than a
deal is much more likely to take. Northern Ireland is not
atypical in being a conflict zone where there was no risk,
or hope, that peace and love flowing from a moderate centre
would encompass society. And democracy, for all its flaws,
was not complete in the South until many of the intransigent
republicans who resisted the Treaty of 1921 and came into
Fianna Fail arrived in power in 1932.
Hamas is closely linked with violence currently.
But there is the question of how ‘moderation’
happens. Clearly it does not happen through exclusion, it
can only happen through inclusion. Whether and when Hamas
will change from its own local version of the ‘ballot
box and the armalite’ is uncertain, but the demands
of power may assist in a process of moderation and a move
away from violence.
‘Not talking to terrorists’ sounds
fine but is a useless sentiment. Those who use violence as
their means of communication are unlikely to change until
they see the opportunity of getting their message across,
and achieving at least some of their objectives, another way.
‘Not talking to terrorists’ is usually a way for
another party, or country, to project themselves as ‘pure’
and avoid the dilemmas and accommodation which might be required
if talking and negotiating bore fruit. ‘Not talking
to terrorists’ is, literally, an excuse for a policy.
INNATE was very pleased to run a workshop during
January with Brendan McKeague of Pace e Bene on aspects of
Christian nonviolence. This editorial looks at INNATE’s
interaction with religion and secularism. Read
Like most organisations, INNATE has its ups and downs, and
I am very happy to say that at the start of 2006 we are certainly
entering an ‘up’ period of considerable activity.
For a networking-and-action organisation with no offices,
no paid staff and almost no money, the amount done has to
be considered remarkable. But it can be even more remarkable
– and that is our aim.
The regular monthly cycle of producing a newsletter
in paper, e-mail and web editions takes a very considerable
amount of work. The paper edition of Nonviolent News remains
its usual two sides of A4 whereas the e-mail and web editions
can run up to a dozen or more pages of A4 equivalent. It has
continued a number of regular features apart from the news
section which appears in all three editions; editorials, a
green column from Larry Speight, a nonviolence training workshop,
and Billy King’s comment column. We have a very useful
product in our website and will be working to promote it more;
it is heavily used internationally but we feel the Irish usage,
North and South, east and west, could be higher. We are also
committed to getting information out elsewhere – e.g.
Much work goes on behind the scenes –
including responding to queries, usually by e-mail (some from
as diverse places as Uganda, Nepal – and Cork! –
in all these cases we could offer local contacts), some on
aspects of nonviolence training. We are working on providing
training for other organisations. Another aspect usually unseen
is meeting and interpreting the Northern Irish situation to
visitors, sometimes setting up or assisting with setting up
programme for them. Networking never ceases, can never cease.
Members would have also had a variety of engagements with
other bodies ‘in the field’ though the credit
for these is not due to INNATE itself.
Ïã½¶ÊÓÆµappÍøÖ·ÏÂÔØEvents organised in the last year include an
arms trade conference (organised jointly with the Peace People)
last May, a joint autumn series of lectures on aspects of
conflict with the Institute of Irish Studies at Queen’s
University Belfast, and a workshop on the spirituality of
Christian nonviolence with Brendan McKeague of Pace e Bene
(well, the last was in January 2006 rather than 2005 but still).
The Belfast networking group of INNATE meets
monthly, on a Monday evening. We would welcome additional
involvement from those accessible to Belfast…..but anyone
around the island can assist by promoting INNATE and by assisting
with the provision of news. There is only so much can be crammed
in the paper edition of Nonviolent News but the e-mail and
web editions have no such restriction.
As usual I would like to thank the INNATE crew,
old and new (you know who you are) with a special thank you
on his retirement (well, he can still be called on) from INNATE
to Gordon Kelly; thank you Gordon, you’re a great guy
and we really appreciate your gentle and committed involvement.
Ïã½¶ÊÓÆµappÍøÖ·ÏÂÔØThere is one other aspect of INNATE which requires
attention in 2006. Financial outgoings, though extremely modest,
have been exceeding incomings and there is no pot of gold
to fall back on. Life would be easier in INNATE if all those
who should pay a subscription actually did so (subscriptions
are due at the start of the year). Otherwise work, which could
otherwise be done on more substantial topics, will have to
go on fundraising. That ball is in your court…
2006 has many challenges for those who believe
in nonviolence in all its many aspects. In INNATE we commit
ourselves to be in the thick of these challenges – networking,
informing, campaigning, training, supporting. During 2006
our work will include dealing with aspects of ‘war machinery’,
both the arms trade and army recruitment which is becoming
more blatant in Northern Ireland with ‘normalisation’.
We look forward to a busy year.
lSubscription details appear at the end of this
e-mail edition of Nonviolent News
Ïã½¶ÊÓÆµappÍøÖ·ÏÂÔØ- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Larry Speight brings us his monthly column:
Belfast’s Westlink Madness
Ïã½¶ÊÓÆµappÍøÖ·ÏÂÔØThe Northern Ireland Road Services are to begin
major work on the M1 and the Westlink in Belfast at the end
of January. The work is expected to take approximately 3 years,
will cost millions of pounds and cause serious disruption
to the flow of traffic into Belfast. The road works will also
mean an increase in the level of air and noise pollution,
as well as traffic accidents, for the people in west Belfast
as drivers use these roads and streets to travel into and
out off the city in an attempt to avoid the inevitably long
and frustrating delays. The aim of the roadwork is to reduce
congestion on the M1/Westlink so making journeys shorter.
In the view of the Andersonstown News, 7 January, the purpose
of the project is to increase the profits of big business.
The editorial on the subject states that:
Ïã½¶ÊÓÆµappÍøÖ·ÏÂÔØ“For every minute that those huge lorries
are left idling in traffic, big business blows money out of
its tailpipe, and in the great scheme of things, three years
of worst congestion is a small price to pay for the wider,
bigger roads of the future.”
The Westlink, which was finished in 1983,
was poorly designed in the first place and based on the idea
of the ‘great car society’. The planned ‘improvements’
do not take account of ‘the great scheme of things’,
for if they did there would be a completely different conception
of the transport needs of Northern Ireland 20 years from now.
In the coming years China and India are expected to massively
increase their consumption of oil, while the production of
oil declines. This will mean, perhaps some time in the coming
5 to 10 years, that the price of petrol will be such that
the majority of people, many of whom are dependent on the
car for even short journeys, will seek alternative means of
transport. It will also mean that the cost of the production
of goods worldwide will increase, which will lead to a reduction
in the number of lorries on the roads as fewer goods are imported
into and delivered around the country, and there is a return
to a locally based economy. The blinkered, short-term view
of the Northern Ireland Road Services is shared by the Irish
and U.K. governments, both of whom are committed to building
more roads and expanding airports in spite of the need to
move away from a carbon based economy because of global warming,
while also ignoring the looming unaffordable high oil prices.
(The price of US light crude stood at $63. 35 a barrel on
the 6th Jan) Part of the solution to the present congestion
on the M1/Westlink is offered by the response of the Royal
Hospitals to the road works, which is to encourage their 7,000
staff to walk, cycle, take the bus, and car-share. The hospital
is developing new facilities for cyclists. If this initiative
were followed province wide, together with a radical improvement
to bus and train services, there would be no need for the
so-called improvements to be done on M1/Westlink.
As a point of interest the new orthodoxy in transport planning,
which the transport authorities in Ireland should adhere to
is as follows: disabled and visually impaired people first,
pedestrians next, then cyclists, public transport, delivery
vehicles, cars used for business with more than one occupant
and lastly, single-occupancy motorists.